Wildlife of India

Posted By: Radhika Gupta In: Wildlife Update On: Hit: 53

India is home of diversities, not only talking in terms of Indian culture and traditions, but India is also well known for its wildlife diversity. India has a collection of climates and different topological condition which favors presence of such a large number of wildlife species. India has different types of forests, grasslands, swamps, desert, rainforest and deciduous and mountainous forests. These different living areas are home to a number of animals. India has a different domestic species such as cow, buffalo, dog, hen, goat, and camels.

Indian wildlife is very well supported and preserved in around 500 wildlife sanctuaries, 18 bio-reserves, and 120 national parks. India has a crown of holding 4 out of 36 biosphere hotspots of the world and trust us, this is really something to be proud of.  Some 4.4 percent of amphibian, 6.2 % of reptiles, 11.7 % of aquatic animals, 12.6 %of birds and 7.6 %of mammals reside in the Indian areas. India also holds a long coastline which is the lifeline of a huge population of aquatic animals.

India is the place where wildlife is well-protected and conserved because Indians have a special place for animals in the devotional aspects of life. The Indian government is also working very hard to protect animals from hunting or poaching, and to do that, there are many rules and regulations are made in Indian law. Nowadays India spends a huge amount in conserving its biosphere reserves and some rare species. India is one of the only places where you can get such a variety of natural things and it is the only place where you can see some specific variety of plants and animals. This flora and fauna of Indian make it one of the most beautiful places on the earth.

Fauna

India offers abode to a large number of animal species. Biospheres in India is the place where you can watch these animals with safety rather than in forest area. India has Bengal tiger, snow leopard, black buck, spotted hyenas, jackals,  Asiatic lions, sloth bear, black bear, one-horned rhinos, Indian bison, Indochinese tigers, elephants and antelopes which are generally fond of roaming in the Indian forests. India, at the time of kingdoms, was facing problems in protecting its several wildlife species from hunting but now the scenario has changed and many of the endangered species are out of danger.

Indian domestic animals such as dog, cows, buffaloes, cat, horse, and donkeys are an integral part of wildlife here. But there are also some endangered species of the world that can be seen only in India like high grounded deer and Himalayan wolf. India has a wide range of geographical and topological conditions which is very helpful for Indian fauna to expand its versatility.

Flora

India is the home for more than 18000 flowering plants and around 50,000 plant species. Indian forests are spread across 743534 km2 in the area where you can observe the Indian wildlife and enjoy the beauty of Indian forests. Tropical rainforest, desert shrubs, deciduous forest, bamboos, mangroves, and grassland are present in India which holds a large number of plants and flower species.

Indian forests are home to some of the rarest medicinal plants of world and Indian Ayurveda can be said to be dependent on the forest. India is a great showcase of nature and one can have a look to some of the oldest plants on the earth.  Indian forests at the time of rains become no less than the heaven and the beauty at that time is mesmerizing. India has plants which are devotionally attached to a community or society and India is also evident proof of great movements such as bishnois movement that was held for the protection of trees. Trees are an important part of Indian culture so they are also worshipped in India.

Famous Indian species

India is home of many native species that are famous around the globe and some of the species are -Bengal tigers, one-horned rhinos, gaur, high grounded deer, Asiatic lions, snow leopard, black buck, Indian wolfs and nilgiri tahr. These Indian species are part of versatile Indian wildlife but these are only some names of famous species and if you ever wish to explore Indian wildlife, so it's our recommendation that you must include these animals in the list to visit and watch.

Display of Indian wildlife

Wildlife India is spread everywhere but the places where you can watch them is biosphere reserves, national parks, sanctuaries, and Zoos. According to recent stats, India has 105 national parks, 543 wildlife sanctuaries, 18 biosphere reserves and many other places like private protected areas which are under the observation of private companies, villages and NGO’s.

These places are maintained with full responsibility and every constituent participant of Indian wildlife is honored and their every need is fulfilled. These areas are under the supervision of the Indian Government. The Indian government is having a designated part of their budget especially for biosphere reserves and the forest officials are selected through examination for the maintenance of forests. Also, the Indian education system has designated course for the people who want to work for the protection of the wildlife in India.

In a nutshell, it can be said that India boasts of abundant wildlife in terms of both flora and fauna. But in addition, we also feel responsible to protect our wildlife and to prevent the endangered species from extinction.

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